It would be very much difficult to define river in just few sentences. River is immortal. Sometimes it changes its direction due to some natural causes, But its flow never ends. Since the past, the settlements have been built by the banks of the river. River have been of their daily usage. If there was no river we won’t even exist. The friendship or we can say the dependency between river and living beings is there from its origin. The people of old time could not think a single day without river. From cultivating to searching for food, people were totally depended upon river. River plays a large role in the history, culture and economy of any country or countries. Talking about rivers in Asia, there are plenty of rivers, from north to south,east to west. Here we will list top 10 longest river in Asia.
Top 10 Longest River in Asia
Length – 2,900 km
The list opens with the river Brahmaputra keeping it 10th longest river in Asia. It flows through China , India and Bangladesh. It has its origin in the Angsi glacier, located on the northern side of the Himalayas in Burang County of Tibet as the Yarlung Tsangpo River, it flows across southern Tibet to break through the Himalayas in great gorges (including the Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon) and into Arunachal Pradesh. This river is an important source of transportation.
9.Nizhnyaya Tunguska River –
Length – 2,989 km
We have the river Nizhnyaya Tunguska in 9th among top 10 longest river in India. It is a river in Siberia, Russia, that flows through the Irkutsk Oblast and the Krasnoyarsk Krai. Tura, Yukti and Simenga are the Settlements by the river . The ice-free period on the Lower Tunguska starts in mid-June and ends in the first half of October.The value of average water discharge of Lower Tunguska gives it eleventh place amongst largest rivers of Russia. The annual water discharge is equal to 3,680 cubic m/s. This river is an important source of transportation of goods and mineral resources.
8.Indus River –
Length – 3180 km
The value of length of Indus river gives it 8th place amongst 10 longest river in Asia. Originating in the western part of Tibet, the river runs a course through Ladakh, Gilgit-Baltistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and then flows along the entire length of Punjab to merge into the Arabian Sea near the city of Thatta . It is the national river of Pakistan. The annual water discharge is equal to 243 cu-m/s. It provides key water resources for Pakistan economy. It has a rich biodiversity.
7.Ob River –
Length – 3,650 km
Originating at the confluence of Katun and Biya rivers which are located 25 km south-west of Biysk and Altai krai, the river runs a course through Russia, though its tributaries extend into Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia to merge into the Arctic ocean. The Ob provides irrigation, drinking water, hydroelectric energy, and fishing. The river hosts more than 50 species of fish. The annual water discharge is equal to 12,375 cu-m/s. So it has a great impact on mankind.
6.Yenisei river –
Length – 4090 km
The source of the river is Mungaragiyn-gol , which is located to the ridge of Dod-Taygasyn-Noor, Mongolia. The river flows through Tuva, Khakassia, and the city of Krasnoyarsk and merges into the arctic ocean.Its tributaries include the Angara, Nizhnyaya Tunguska, Podkamennaya Tunguska, and Tuba rivers. The maximum depth of the Yenisei is 24 metres. The annual water discharge is equal to 19,600 cu-m/s.
5.Irtysh River –
Length – 4250 km
In one of the top 10 longest river in asia includes river Irtysh in the 5th. The main source of this river is Altay mountains. It runs through Mongolia, China, Kazakhstan, Russia and merges into the Arctic ocean. It is the chief tributary of the Ob River, Irtysh’s main tributaries include the Tobol River, Demyanka River and the Ishim River. The Ob-Irtysh system forms a major drainage basin in Asia, encompassing most of Western Siberia and the Altai Mountains. The annual water discharge is equal to 2150 cu-m/s.
4.lena river –
Length – 4400 km
Lena river is in 4th position according to its length. It is the 11th longest river in the world and has the 9th largest catchment area. The main source of this river is Baikal mountains,located 7 km west of lake baikal. The Lena flows northeast, being joined by the Kirenga River, Vitim River and Olyokma River, that flow into the arctic ocean. At the end of the Lena River there is a large delta that extends 100 kilometres.The annual water discharge is equal to 16,871 cu-m/s.
3.Mekong River –
Length – 4910 km
Mekong is the 3rd longest river in Asia. it is a trans-boundary river in south-east Asia. The source of this river is Lasagongma Spring. From the Tibetan Plateau the river runs through China’s Yunnan Province, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. The Mekong basin is one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world. It includes 20,000 plant species, 430 mammals, 1,200 birds, 800 reptiles and amphibians, and an estimated 850 freshwater fish species.The river is a major trade route between western China and Southeast Asia. The annual average water discharge is equal to 16,000 cu-m/s.
2.Yellow River –
Length – 5464 km
The Yellow river is the 2nd largest river in asia. Originating in the Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai province of western China, it flows through nine provinces, and it empties into the Bohai Sea near the city of Dongying in Shandong province. Its basin was the birthplace of ancient Chinese civilization, and it was the most prosperous region in early Chinese history. It has many Tributaries like white river , black river, daxia river, tao river etc. Its total drainage area is about 7,52,546 km-square and annual average water discharge is 3000 cu-m/s.
1.Yangtze River –
Length – 6301 km
River Yangtze is the longest river in Asia. The river is the longest in the world to flow entirely within one country. Main source of this river is Geladiandong pick which is located near tanggula mountains. The Yangtze plays a large role in the history, culture and economy of China. For thousands of years, the river has been used for water, irrigation, sanitation, transportation, industry, boundary-marking and war. It’s annual average water discharge is equal to 30,166 cu-m/s making it the sixth-largest river by discharge volume in the world.