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Top 10 Oldest Cities in the World

In this selection we will discuss about the top 10 oldest cities in the world. Every city has its own historical mounting. A city is a large and permanent human settlement.The concept of forming a city began with establishing a normative discipline by artificial means.Some of the settlements that exist today,are  formed  a very long time.By archaeological and historical research we can conclude the approximate time of occurrence of those cities.Through research, we know the stories that are involved with those cities, and some stories which have been never expressed. Based on these data, a rating: the oldest city in the world , which are considered the most ancient urban settlements of our planet. Through research we know about  the historical monument and culture of local people & unique architecture.

Top 10 Oldest Cities in the World

 

 

10. Jerusalem:

top 10 oldest cities

Period- 2800 BC.

The list of top 10 oldest cities starts with city Jerusalem.It is a sacred place for Jews, Christians and Muslims, since this city is known to many people all over the country. Also called the city of the world and the three religions, the first identity of the people of Jerusalem in the region of 2800 BC. E, so we can consider it one of the oldest cities in the world. Throughout its history, Jerusalem has faced many battles, twice she has tried to destroy completely, but she still enjoys us with her greatness and beauty, and happily praises pilgrims all over the world. Traditional centuries-old tradition of various people in Jerusalem, which reflects the historical monument and culture of local people and a unique architecture.

9.Beirut:

top 10 oldest cities

Period-3000-5000 BC.

Ranked in the 9th place in the world’s oldest city ranking, Beirut. According to different sources, the city was present for 3000-5000 years BC. During its existence, Beirut had been destroyed repeatedly, but was always managed to recover. On the territory of  the Lebanese capital, repeated excavations have been held, among which there are many items found which belong to Finnish, Ottoman, Roman and many other ethnic groups . Now the city is a tourist center in Lebanon. Its population is 361,000 people.

8.Gaziantep:

top 10 oldest cities

Period- 3650 BC.

Gaziantep is one of the oldest cities in Turkey and around the world. It situated  near the border with Syria. Its population occurred in 3650 BC. Until 1921 the city was another name – Antep, after it added to the title “Gazi”, which means brave. In ancient times, through the city passed the Crusades, and in 1183, during the Ottoman Empire in Gaziantep started to rebuild mosques and inns, and later he became a trade center. The modern city is inhabited by Turks, Arabs and Kurds, and their approximate number of 850,000 people. Gaziantep annually visit the crowds of tourists from different countries. There is something to see: the ruins of ancient cities, museums, bridges and other unique attractions.

7. Plovdiv:

top 10 oldest cities

Period- 4000 BC.

In this list of top 10 oldest cities Plovdiv is in the 7th position.The first settlements in the Bulgarian city of Plovdiv appeared 4000 years BC. According to some, it is the oldest city in Europe, so the 7 line in the ranking of the old cities of the world given to him. In the year 342 BC . Plovdiv was called differently – Odris. This name can be seen on ancient bronze coins. In the 6th century the town was under the control of the Slavic tribes, later it became part of the Bulgarian Empire and was renamed Puldin. During his subsequent history of the city several times found himself under the power of the Byzantines, and again returned to Bulgaria. In 1364 the Ottomans captured Plovdiv. A modern city famous for its large number of historical monuments and other sights, famous far beyond the borders of Bulgaria.

6. Faiyum:

top 10 oldest cities

Period- 4000 BC.

This Egyptian city appeared around 4000 years BC. It situated on the territory of another ancient city Crocodilopolis, in the south-west of Cairo. The fact that he is one of the oldest cities in the world show the excavations that confirm visit to the city by the pharaohs of the 12th dynasty. At that time the city was called Shedet, which means sea. Currently, El-Fayoum is flooded with numerous markets, bazaars and mosques. The town has an unusual infrastructure with a variety of attractions. It produces rose oil, grow exotic fruits and cereals.

5. Sidon:

top 10 oldest cities

Period- 4000 BC.

The oldest city in Lebanon came into existence for 4000 years BC. It situated 40 km from the capital.It is the third largest city in Lebanon. According to historical records it is known that he went to Jesus and the apostle Paul. In the times of the Phoenicians, it was the largest shopping center of the Mediterranean. Until now preserved sea port, built in the Phoenician era. Sidon repeatedly entered in the various states and empires. He was considered one of the most impregnable cities. Now it is home to about 200,000 people.

4. Susa:

top 10 oldest cities

Period- 4200 BC.

Susa is the 4th oldest city in the world. The earliest settlements in Susa came in 4200 BC. e., a town mentioned in ancient Sumerian chronicles, as well as in the Old Testament and other scriptures. The city had the status of capital of the Elamite Empire, until  Assyrians captured it. In 668, the battle took place, during which the city is looted and burned. Elamite Empire disappeared in ten years. One of the most ancient cities of Shushan often endured bloody carnage and destruction, but each time rebuilt it again. Currently, the city of Susa called Shush, its population numbers about 65 thousand. People, mostly Muslims and Jews is.

3. Byblos:

top 10 oldest cities

Period- 4-5 millennium BC.

In this list of top 10 oldest cities in the world  Byblos comes to 3rd position. It is not known as Jbeil. This Lebanese city founded in the 4-5 millennium BC. e. It was built by the Phoenicians, and gave him the name of Hebe. On its territory there are many Phoenician shrines, as well as the church Ioanna Predtechi. Bibliocom city began to call the ancient Greeks, who visited the city and purchased here papyrus. In ancient times Biblios was the largest port. Biblioteka letters and are not translated, they still remain a mystery that has left the ancient city. They have no similarity with more than one of the systems at the time of writing.

2. Damascus:

top 10 oldest cities

Period- Second half of 7th millennium BC. possibly around 6300 BC.

The second position in this top 10 oldest cities in the world is occupied by the ancient city of Damascus. The first mention of it date back to the 15th century BC. During this period of time,   the Egyptian pharaohs dominated here. Later the town was the center of the kingdom of Damascus. For the rest of the existence of multiple it became part of different states and empires. It is known that Damascus attended St. Paul, at the same time here and the first Christians. Currently Damascus – the cultural capital and the second largest Syrian city and is home to more than 1.5 million people.

1.Jericho:

top 10 oldest cities

Period- 9000 BC.

The top  position in this selection is being acquired by the oldest city in the world – Jericho. Historians have found on its territory, the remains of ancient settlements, who settled here more for 9 millennia BC. The city situated on the west banks of the sacred river Jordan, it  is known to many of the biblical writings. Modern Jericho – a true living museum of ancient monuments. Here you can see the ruins left from the palace of King Herod, visit the source of the holy Prophet Elisha and visit various Orthodox shrines. At this time, with a population of over 20,000 people.

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About Srideep Sarkar