This Earth is exuberant with varieties of wild animals. Like Africa and other countries India is also considered for its great geographical value. India belong to two geographical zone, northern portion of India belong to north temperate zone and southern portion of India belong to torrid zone. For this reason there is a variation among the wildlife throughout India. India is a country where you can find rarest species of wild animals. According to the India State of Forest Report , the total forest and tree cover is 79.42 million hectare, which is 24.16 percent of the total geographical area. There are over 166 National parks and 515 wildlife sanctuaries around the country. In India various species of birds , lizards , snakes are found. Here are the list of top 10 wild animals of India.
Top 10 Wild Animals of India
10.Indian Bison –
Indian Bison opens the list of top 10 wild animals of India. It is found only in the Indian subcontinent and is commonly called Gaur. Gaur is a strong animal and it has high convex ridge on the forehead between the horns. Generally they are 4.8 ft to 7.3 ft tall and 8.2 ft to 10.10 ft long with a 28 to 41 inches long tail. Gaur are largely confined to evergreen forests or semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, but also occur in deciduous forest areas at the periphery of their range.
9.Indian wild buffalo –
Indian wild buffalo is a large bovine which is found in Indian subcontinent and southeast Asia. These buffaloes are endangered and they are 4.3 to 6.5 ft tall and 7.8 ft to 9.8 ft long with a 2 ft to 3.4 ft long tail. They are found in Nepal , Bhutan, Thailand and Cambodia.
8.Asian Black Bears –
We have asian black bear in 8th position in this list of top 10 wild animals of India. They are also called moon bear. It lives in the Himalayas, in the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent, Korea, northeastern China, the Russian Far East, the Honshū and Shikoku islands of Japan, and Taiwan.Asian black bears can be very incursive toward humans. They are 28 to 39 in tall and 47 to 78 in long with a 4.3 inch long tail.
7.Blue Bull(nilgai) –
Nilgai is the largest antelope in India. Nilgai is diurnal means they are active mainly during the day. They are generally 3.3 ft to 4.9 ft tall and 5.6 to 6.9 ft long. Males weight 109 – 288 kilograms and female 100 to 220 kilograms.It is a subspecies of the onager native to southern Asia. Its coat is usually sandy, but varies from reddish grey, fawn, to pale chestnut. The animal possesses an erect, dark mane which runs from the back of the head and along the neck. The mane is then followed by a dark brown stripe running along the back, to the root of the tail. It runs fast at roughly 70-80 kilometers per hour.
6.Indian wild ass –
It is a subspecies of the Onager native to southern Asia. Its coat is usually sandy, but varies from reddish grey, fawn, to pale chestnut. The animal possesses an erect, dark mane which runs from the back of the head and along the neck. The mane is then followed by a dark brown stripe running along the back, to the root of the tail. It runs fast at roughly 70-80 kilometers per hour.
5.Indian Leopard –
The Indian leopard is found all across india, bhutan,nepal and in some parts of pakistan. About 12,000 to 14,000 leopards were speculated to live in india. Leopards are elusive, solitary, and largely nocturnal. Hunting of Indian leopards for the illegal wildlife trade is the biggest threat to their survival. Male Indian leopards are between 4 ft 2 in and 4 ft 8 in in body size with a 2 ft 6 in to 3 ft long tail and weigh between 110 and 170 lb (50 and 77 kg). Females are smaller, growing to between 3 ft 5 in (104 cm) and 3 ft 10 in in body size with a 2 ft 6 in to 2 ft 10.5 in long tail, and weigh between 64 and 75 lb (29 and 34 kg).So, it comes to the 5th position in top 10 wild animals of India.
4.Asiatic Lion –
In india lion is only found in Gujrat that lives as a single population. In Gir forest there lives two species of lion indian and persian. The Asiatic lion’s fur ranges in colour from ruddy-tawny, heavily speckled with black, to sandy or buffish grey, sometimes with a silvery sheen in certain lights. They are generally 1.1 m tall and 2.82m to 2.89 mt long with a .79m to 89m long tail. Adult males weigh 160 to 190 kg, while females weigh 110 to 120 kg. This features secure asiatic Lions in the 4th place in top 10 wild animals of India.
Indian Rhinoceros or greater one horned Rhinoceros is usually found in the north eastern part of India and some parts of Nepal. Male rhinoceros are generally 1.6m to 1.9m tall where females are 1.5m to 1.7m. The length of males ranges from 3.7 to 3.8m while that of the females ranges from 3.1 to 3.4m and they weigh between 1600 kg to 2100 kg. The largest population of the indian rhinoceros are found at Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary.
2. Elephant –
We have elephant in the 2nd position in top 10 wild animals of India list. Elephant is widely used for daily purpose in India from hard slogging and heavy lifting to circuses. It has been supposed that India was the first place in which elephants started to become trained for domestic purposes. In southern India Elephant is the part of various festival. Indian elephants reach a shoulder height of between 2 and 3.5 m , weigh between 2,000 and 5,000 kg , and have 19 pairs of ribs. The largest population of elephants can be found at Periyar National Park , Kerala.
1.Royal Bengal Tiger –
First place is acquired by Royal Bengal Tiger in top 10 wild animals of India. The Royal Bengal Tiger is National animal of India and Bangladesh. The Bengal tiger’s coat is yellow to light orange, with stripes ranging from dark brown to black; the belly and the interior parts of the limbs are white, and the tail is orange with black rings. They are generally .9 m to 1.1 m tall and 2.7 m to 3.3 m long including tail. The weight of males ranges from 180 to 258 kg , while that of the females ranges from 100 to 160 kg.